There is a lot credit that should go to India institutes that study science, as that has helped improve the economy in India over the last few years. There are a lot of private schools in India, and they compliment the public school system. These are students between the ages of 6 and There are many post-secondary technical schools that are private too. The report in India shows that over The report said that there were urban children enrolled in accredited schools.
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There are accredited urban and rural schools in India, and the fact that there are children in the schools in , shows that there has been an increase of 2. The quantity of India education is okay at the moment, but there are many schools that are simply not good. The Indian government has started testing to see which schools are doing well and which are failing.
There is a hope that the state of schools will improve so that students may get a good education no matter which schools they go to. More regulation is needed if all Indian students are going to get a fair chance at a good education. Conclusion The quantity of India education is okay at the moment, but there are many schools that are simply not good.
There have been several efforts to enhance quality made by the government.
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The District Education Revitalisation Programme DERP was launched in with an aim to universalise primary education in India by reforming and vitalising the existing primary education system. Enrollment has been enhanced, but the levels of quality remain low. See also : Gender inequality in India. Secondary education covers children aged 14 to 18, a group comprising 8. The two halves of secondary education are each an important stage for which a pass certificate is needed, and thus are affiliated by central boards of education under HRD ministry, before one can pursue higher education, including college or professional courses.
Those at least 15 years old by 30 May for a given academic year are eligible to appear for Secondary board exams, and those 17 by the same date are eligible to appear for Higher Secondary certificate board exams. It further states that upon successful completion of Higher Secondary, one can apply to higher education under UGC control such as Engineering, Medical, and Business Administration.
Secondary education in India is examination-oriented and not course-based: students register for and take classes primarily to prepare for one of the centrally-administered examinations. Senior school or high school is split into 2 parts grades and grades with a standardized nationwide examination at the end of grade 10 and grade 12 usually informally referred to as "board exams". Grade 10 examination results can be used for admission into grades at a secondary school, pre-university program, or a vocational or technical school.
Passing a grade 12 board examination leads to the granting of a secondary school completion diploma, which may be used for admission into vocational schools or universities in the country or the world. Most reputable universities in India require students to pass college-administered admissions tests in addition to passing a final secondary school examination for entry into a college or university.
School grades are usually not sufficient for college admissions in India. Most schools in India do not offer subject and scheduling flexibility due to budgeting constraints for e. Private candidates i.
Students taking the grade 10 examination usually take six subjects: English, Mathematics, Social Studies, Science, one language, and one optional subject depending on the availability of teachers at different schools. Students taking the grade 12 examination usually take four or five subjects with English or the local language being compulsory. Students study Mathematics up to single-variable Calculus in grade The majority of students study in government schools where poor and vulnerable students study for free until the age of An Education Ministry data, Kendriya Vidyalaya project, was started for the employees of the central government of India, who are deployed throughout the country.
The government started the Kendriya Vidyalaya project in to provide uniform education in institutions following the same syllabus at the same pace regardless of the location to which the employee's family has been transferred. These are usually charitable trust run schools that receive partial funding from the government.
Largest system of aided schools is run by D.
College Managing Committee. Most middle-class families send their children to private schools,  which might be in their own city or at distant boarding schools.
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In , four of the top ten pre-schools in Chennai were Montessori. These are modelled after British public schools , which are a group of older, expensive and exclusive fee-paying private independent schools in England. According to some research, private schools often provide superior results at a multiple of the unit cost of government schools. The reason being high aims and better vision. In their favour, it has been pointed out that private schools cover the entire curriculum and offer extra-curricular activities such as science fairs, general knowledge, sports, music and drama.
According to the latest DISE survey, the percentage of untrained teachers para-teachers is The competition in the school market is intense, yet most schools make profit. Even the poorest often go to private schools despite the fact that government schools are free. Jaipuria Schools established in , Vivekananda Vidyalaya established in , Vivekananda Kendra Vidyalaya established in , Waldorf Schools India established in , these schools are considered as National schools in India.
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Home-schooling in India is legal , though it is the less explored option, and often debated by educators. The Indian Government's stance on the issue is that parents are free to teach their children at home, if they wish to and have the means. India's All India Council of Technical Education AICTE reported, in , that there are more than 4, vocational institutions that offer degrees, diploma and post-diploma in architecture, engineering, hotel management, infrastructure, pharmacy, technology, town services and others.
Education in India
There were The number of women choosing engineering has more than doubled since After passing the Higher Secondary Examination the Standard 12 examination , students may enrol in general degree programmes such as bachelor's degree graduation in arts, commerce or science, or professional degree programme such as engineering, medicine, pharmacy, and law graduates. As of [update] , India has  central universities, state universities, and private universities. Other institutions include 33,  colleges, including 1, exclusive women's colleges, functioning under these universities and institutions,  and 12, Institutions offering Diploma Courses.
The emphasis in the tertiary level of education lies on science and technology. A total of state public universities and 13, colleges will be covered under it. However, India has failed to produce world class universities both in the private sector or the public sector.
Besides top rated universities which provide highly competitive world class education to their pupils, India is also home to many universities which have been founded with the sole objective of making easy money. Regulatory authorities like UGC and AICTE have been trying very hard to extirpate the menace of private universities which are running courses without any affiliation or recognition.
For example, many institutions in India continue to run unaccredited courses as there is no legislation strong enough to ensure legal action against them. Quality assurance mechanisms have failed to stop misrepresentations and malpractices in higher education. At the same time regulatory bodies have been accused of corruption, specifically in the case of deemed-universities. Our university system is, in many parts, in a state of disrepair I am concerned that in many states university appointments, including that of vice-chancellors, have been politicised and have become subject to caste and communal considerations, there are complaints of favouritism and corruption.
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The Government of India is aware of the plight of higher education sector and has been trying to bring reforms, however, 15 bills are still awaiting discussion and approval in the Parliament. The bill is still under discussion and even if it gets passed, its feasibility and effectiveness is questionable as it misses the context, diversity and segment of international foreign institutions interested in India.
From the first Five-year Plan onwards, India's emphasis was to develop a pool of scientifically inclined manpower. In addition to above institutes, efforts towards the enhancement of technical education are supplemented by a number of recognised Professional Engineering Societies such as:. The number of graduates coming out of technical colleges increased to over 7 lakh in from 5. Given the sheer numbers of students seeking education in engineering, science and mathematics, India faces daunting challenges in scaling up capacity while maintaining quality.
At the school level, National Institute of Open Schooling NIOS provides opportunities for continuing education to those who missed completing school education. While distance education institutions have expanded at a very rapid rate, but most of these institutions need an up gradation in their standards and performance.
Short Essay on The Educational System in India
There is a large proliferation of courses covered by distance mode without adequate infrastructure, both human and physical. There is a strong need to correct these imbalances. Massive open online course are made available for free by the HRD ministry and various educational institutes. According to the Census of , "every person above the age of 7 years who can read and write with understanding in any language is said to be literate".
Essay on reforms in university education system in india - Explanation
According to this criterion, the survey holds the National Literacy Rate to be Within the Indian states, Kerala has the highest literacy rate of In , two states in India, Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh , participated in the international PISA exams which is administered once every three years to year-old's. Both states ranked at the bottom of the table, beating out only Kyrgyzstan in score, and falling points two standard deviations below the average for OECD countries. While the quality of free, public education is in crisis, a majority of the urban poor have turned to private schools.
Officially, the pupil to teacher ratio within the public school system for primary education is A study on teachers by Kremer etc. Among teachers who were paid to teach, absence rates ranged from Only 1 in nearly 3, public school head teachers had ever dismissed a teacher for repeated absence. As per Report of the Higher education in India, Issues Related to Expansion, Inclusiveness, Quality and Finance,  the access to higher education measured in term of gross enrollment ratio increased from 0.